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NASS Reports Iowa 2018 Annual Crop Production
Iowa Ag Connection - 02/11/2019

Corn for grain production in Iowa for 2018 is estimated at 2.51 billion bushels, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Production 2018 Summary report. Current year production is 4 percent less than the previous year's 2.61 billion bushels. Iowa has led the Nation in corn production for the last 25 consecutive years and 40 of the last 41 years. Iowa's corn for grain yield is estimated at 196 bushels per acre. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 12.8 million acres, 100,000 acres below 2017. Corn planted for all purposes in 2018 is estimated at 13.2 million acres. Corn for silage production is estimated at 5.54 million tons, down 20 percent from 2017. The silage yield estimate of 20.5 tons per acre is down 0.5 ton per acre from 2017. Producers harvested 270,000 acres of corn for silage, down 18 percent from 2017.

Soybean production is estimated at 565 million bushels in 2018. This is down fractionally from the record of 567 million bushels set in 2017. The Iowa soybean crop yielded 57.0 bushels per acre in 2018. The harvested acreage of 9.91 million is down 30,000 acres from the November 1 forecast and 2017. Soybean planted acreage, at 10.0 million, is unchanged from November 1, and 2017.

All hay production for the state is estimated at 3.00 million tons, down 8 percent from the 3.27 million tons produced in 2017. Producers averaged 3.19 tons per acre, up from 3.08 tons in 2017. All hay harvested acres are estimated at 940,000 acres, down 120,000 acres from 2017.

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures production is estimated at 2.29 million tons, down 9 percent from 2017. Producers averaged 3.70 tons per acre, up 0.20 ton from 2017. Harvested acres are down 100,000 from last year, to 620,000 acres. Iowa producers seeded 105,000 acres of new seedings of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures in 2018, up 31 percent from 2017.

Other hay production is estimated at 704,000 tons, down 6 percent from 2017. Producers averaged 2.20 tons per acre, equal to the 2017 yield. Harvested acres of other hay, at 320,000, are down 20,000 acres from 2017.

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